Environment Minister Barbara Pompili and Secretary of State for Digital Business Cédric O gathered 15 e-commerce players on Wednesday (July 28th) to urge them to introduce more environmentally friendly practices.
Fifteen companies responded on Wednesday (July 28th) to sign a commitment charter aimed at reducing the environmental impact of e-commerce.
These e-commerce players are particularly committed to reducing the delivery of packaging by the end of 2024 (by at least 75% of packages), to systematically consolidate the delivery of items ordered by the consumer at the same time, to offer several delivery methods, listing the one with the least environmental impact or even on ” promote good control gestures » – not encouraging the consumer to order several sizes of the same garment, for example with a free return guarantee.
Signatories include Cdiscount, eBay, FNAC-DARTY, La Redoute, Maison du Monde, Rakuten, Sarenza, Showroomprive or Veepee.
Big absentee at the table: Amazon. Asked by EURACTIV France, the global e-commerce giant said “ consider “ signing this charter. ” However, we will wait for key elements such as Ademe’s work to be available before making a decision. “said the spokesman. The decision to offer several modes of delivery from 2023 – by varying the place of delivery, time or vehicle – should be based on the work of the Environmental Transition Agency (Ademe).
The State Secretariat for Digital Affairs specifies that ” it’s not about pointing the finger at the e-commerce sector “ but to put it ahead of his own special responsibilities ” as the industry continues to grow. Awaiting criticism that these commitments would have their place in the recently adopted climate law, the government says it favors. ” voluntary logic “.
Unless a specific deadline is specified, the signatory companies must carry out these actions before 31 December 2021.
The government also indicated that these commitments would be monitored and that ” civil services will ensure the publication of these results ”.
The impact of e-commerce on the environment
While the transport of goods is one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases along with energy production, the carbon footprint of e-commerce no longer needs to be shown. Especially since this is a sector that is constantly strengthening, and which has fully profited from the Covid-19 pandemic.
A report by France Strategies from last March states that the sector experienced a 37% increase in 2020 compared to 2019, due to the health crisis.
In May, senators warned that ” atomization of orders, shortening delivery times and the development of free delivery have contributed to the emphasis “ this negative impact on the environment
In their briefing report, they also cited many ” negative externalities » intended for road traffic, in particular: “Air pollution, congestion, noise pollution, road collapse, traffic accidents. »
They called for better consumer information on these issues, based on an online consultation conducted by the Senate, which found that 90% of respondents would like to have more information on the impact of the supply on the environment and that 89% would like to have wider choice of delivery methods for online shopping.