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Regions reaffirm their involvement in education and training policies

Influencing decisions regarding orientation, upbringing and education. This is the ambition of the French regions, which in 2018 saw the expansion of their powers in this area. To do this, they recalled during the press conference on 31 their various current problems – apprenticeship training, secondary vocational school reform, shortages in some industries and professions in their territory – but also their action to specifically support the purchasing power of families.

Free school textbooks were thus “sustained even in difficult times”. Aid for equipment, especially in secondary vocational schools where it can be expensive, also exists at the regional level.

Regions: focus on skills in school education, counseling and higher education

While the regions saw themselves stripped of their prerogatives in terms of learning with the “future law”, François Bonneau, president of the Commission for Education, Orientation, Training and Employment of the French regions, returned to the consequences of the reform. It therefore recalls the high costs of stimulus measures – in particular exceptional assistance in recruiting staff – pointed out by the Court of Auditors and regrets that the increase in apprenticeships is mainly focused on higher education.

“The reform (of 2018) is not fair, it lacks public administration,” believes François Bonneau. One of the pitfalls of this reform concerns the multiplication of the CFA associated with the liberalization of supply included in the law that “creates economic competition”.

This is confirmed by David Margueritte, vice-chairman of the commission, who gives the example of a CFA, which opens 100 meters from the secondary vocational school and offers the same type of trainingwhile we invested in the renewal of the technical platform”.

Learning: excessive costs of the 2018 reform pointed out by IGF-IGAS

David Margueritte also notes three fundamental pitfalls from vocational education reform:
– The fact that learning especially benefits higher education,
– the eviction effect of professionalization contracts
– I’man unexpected effect associated with massive aid for businesses.

“We see weaknesses in the system that need to be corrected urgently,” summarizes François Bonneau, who notes “the tension between the supply and needs of skillsSome areas, such as hotels and restaurants or currently transport, have difficulty finding new profiles.

The Association of Regions of France also evokes the reform of the secondary vocational school mentioned by the government several months ago. The regions of France are once again worried competition between two systems: apprenticeship and vocational high school.

The reform project envisages an increase in the time spent on paid practice in companies for students of secondary vocational schools. Regions fear that this development discourages companies from employing an apprentice, which costs them more, and turns to professional high school interns.

The reform (from 2018) is not fair, it lacks public management. (F. Bonneau, Regions of France)

And regions demand real public management that would limit competition between CFA and some secondary vocational schools preparation for similar degrees. “We believe that there is coherence between economic development and the simplification of the vocational training area that we require”, says David Margueritte.

Learning: excessive costs of the 2018 reform pointed out by IGF-IGAS

During the press conference, the regions also wanted to discuss their steps in favor of orientationfor which the regions gained competence from the secondary school.

“Our goal is to go out and meet college students to inform them about the existence of certain professions, sometimes in tension, in the areas of their lives”explains Kamel Chibli, vice-chairman of the commission for education, orientation, youth and sports.

But this requires great cooperation with schools. For example, in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, an orientation bus allows you to meet the public throughout the territory.

French regions have also expressed their concern over school transport, necessary in access to the public education service. To compensate for the shortage of drivers, regions have trained job seekers by allocating part of their education budget to this and based on the PIC (skills investment plan).

We see weaknesses in the system that need to be corrected urgently. (F. Bonneau)

It is a profession that knows many part-time suffererswith wide working hours – from 6:00 a.m. to 7:30 p.m. – for a salary of 60% of the minimum wage”, reminds François Bonneau, who insists on the importance of “improving the social situation”.

Train more wants the PIC to expand and become more flexible, for example by extending it beyond jobseekers : “It is paradoxical that caregivers who want to become nurses have to go through the unemployment box in order to benefit from it, while this profession is under tension”, clarifies François Bonneau.

The regions of France also raised the issue of Parcoursup and wishes open dialogue with the ministries of education and universities.

François Bonneau particularly regrets too much room left only for algorithms and wishing for “more human” better taken into account in the selection process variety of courses.

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