On September 16, the fifth Parcoursup campaign will end. Since its inception in 2018, the platform has established itself in the school and university environment, but it still attracts criticism. It remains largely incomprehensible to candidates and their parents, just like to secondary school teachers, disbelief when, among two students with the same academic profile, only one has won a place in the coveted training.
Former higher education minister Frédérique Vidal held out for five years and defended her reform tooth and nail. In the spring of 2018, his company produced this platform in less than six months, to which approximately 640,000 high school students and 200,000 transfer students send their applications.
During the spring 2022 presidential campaign, Parcoursup was held up as a bogeyman by all the left-wing candidates who called for his removal. No one specified what to replace it with.
In the ranks of the government, the tone is changing for this second term of office of Emmanuel Macron. “Parcoursup will remain, but Parcoursup can be improved”, now chants the new Minister of National Education. Pap Ndiaye promises improvements in 2023, “especially in matters of transparency and guidance”. The commitment is the same on the part of his colleague from higher education, Sylvie Retailleau. Will this five-year period be a declination? A number of folders can be opened on the desktop.
A selection that won’t tell its name
Creating a Parcoursup is part of it “specific political sequence”, reminds Leïla Frouillau, a lecturer at the University of Paris-Nanterre, a specialist in university segregation. In 2017, the previous Admission post bac (APB) platform was more saturated than ever with 110 licenses. “in tension” – twice as many as in 2016 – forced to draw more than 35,000 candidates to decide between them. “This saturation provided a political opportunity to move to a platform generalizing the selection of school records”notes the researcher.
Parcoursup quietly established university entrance selection without Minister Frédérique Vidal ever taking over the term. In his eyes, it’s just about promoting the success of students who have chosen the path from high school. Would the numbers prove him right? In the session of 2020, the success rate in the first year of the license was higher than in previous years, according to the note of the statistical service of the Ministry of Higher Education published in November 2021: 53.5% of the 2019 graduates are enrolled in the second year. year at the beginning of the academic year 2020, i.e. 8 points more than in the case of holders of a bachelor’s degree in 2018. The results are partly related to “The context of the health crisis” and the greatest leniency of juries, whose trend has yet to be confirmed.
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