In Luxembourg, education is currently compulsory from the age of 4 to the age of 16. Minister of National Education Claude Meisch (DP) will present this Tuesday, February 22, the project to extend compulsory school attendance from 16 to 18 years, which was approved by the government on February 11. The possibility to balance home teaching, because the school obligation does not mean the obligation to attend school.
184 children are studying at home
According to the latest data published by the Ministry of National Education in March 2021 for the school year 2020-2021, 154 primary school pupils (aged 3 to 11 years) are educated at home, compared to 50,890 children attending school in primary education, i.e. 37 more as in 2019-2020. And there were 30 high school students (12 to 19 years old) who were to be educated at home.
The reasons for home education can be different: the child’s illness, families moving across the country or parents’ beliefs. “For young people between the ages of 4 and 12 in 1ahem in September, classes can take place at home. Currently, it is necessary to request the authorization of the director of his district by motivating his request and informing the municipality,” explains asbl Alli (Luxembourg Association for Freedom of Education) on its website. For children over 12 years old in 1ahem As of September, home education is not regulated by any law. In practice, you must provide the school certificate from the correspondence course to the municipality of your residence or inform the Ministry of National Education. There is a draft law on home education, but it has not yet been presented in the Chamber of Deputies.
Homeschooling is subject to controls
In its 2020-2021 activity report, the non-profit Alli explains that it had “several requests for information on home education due to sanitary conditions unsuitable for families. There is no doubt that the number of applications has increased because families have been able to know and experience this educational choice and think about it. Do homeschooling parents have to follow the Luxembourg curriculum? According to Article 21 (primary/basic education) “home education must aim at the acquisition of basic skills defined by the curriculum. In properly justified cases, especially – ie for example – if parents intend to give their child distance education, the district director can grant an exception from the teaching of one or more of them. other matter established in Article 7 of the School Act.
And the non-profit association notes “that the pursuit of the basic skills defined in the curriculum does not mean that their achievement is mandatory, but that the child must be given the opportunity to achieve them. , because he has the right to education, but no one can be forced to learn”. Thus, home education is subject to the control of the director of his district. If it is found that the education provided does not meet the set criteria, the pupil is automatically enrolled in the school in the municipality of his residence. It will also be the same in case of refusal to carry out the inspection by the director.
In Belgium and France
And how is home education going in our neighbors? In Belgium, compulsory schooling starts at the age of 5. According to the General School Administration, 1,122 children were educated at home in 2018-2019, and the General Inspection Service is responsible for checking the level of study, which is stipulated by law. Children must also take a certificate and complete CEB at 12, CE1D at 14 and CE2D at 16.
In France, education is compulsory between the ages of 3 and 16. Inspections are carried out at the municipal level on the initiative of the mayor from the first grade, then every two years until the child is 16 years old and on the initiative of the academic directors of school services. Dasen). According to a survey carried out by the French Ministry of National Education in 2020, 50,000 students are being educated at home, compared to 41,000 in 2019 and 30 to 35,000 in 2017. These children represent 0.5% of the total number of French pupils.