Home Schooling

Homeschooling: what strategies are countries around the world adopting?

Posted on December 10, 2020 at 4:05 p.mUpdated on December 11. 2020 at 10:26 am

Retreat on a forced march. After the executive branch considered for a time a strong restriction on the practice of home education as part of a bill “consolidating Republican principles”, it withdrew. Parents who want to take care of their child’s education will continue to be able to do so, but under greater supervision. Preliminary approval will be required, for example, according to the version of the draft law presented on Wednesday by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Legally, the provision has become difficult to defend. The State Council, responsible for studying the project, opposed the end of home education. This issue is also being discussed in the world. While some countries encourage this practice, others are much stricter. Overview.

Strict regulations in Germany, Spain and Sweden

On the European continent, Germany has one of the strictest regulations in this area. Home education is only allowed for health reasons. Parents’ religious or educational beliefs are not taken into account.

Spain and Sweden are also very reluctant to practice home education. Thus, the Spanish constitutional system does not recognize this practice, while Swedish law states that it is not allowed. School attendance is also compulsory in Greece. Only children with special needs are allowed out of the class.

Some countries go even further, such as Turkey, which has decided to ban homeschooling. From the age of 6, all Turkish citizens must therefore be enrolled in a public or private school under the threat of sanctions. The same logic in the Netherlands, where education is compulsory from the age of 5. Parents who withdraw their children from the education system face sanctions. There are a few exceptions, such as religious beliefs, that allow homeschooling. A choice against most European countries.

If these countries prohibit home education in most cases, a big difference with France should be noted: the age at which compulsory schooling begins. In France, pupils must return to school for the first time at the age of 3, while German and Spanish pupils start school at the age of 6. Greek children start school a year earlier, at age 5, just like Dutch children.

Education under conditions in Austria

Other states are more flexible but require certain rules to be followed. Regular exams, the obligation to have a teacher’s diploma, affidavit or registration at the authorities… there can be many conditions for home schooling. In Austria, parents who want to teach their children must register with the relevant authorities. Home education may be prohibited if the school board determines that the education provided will not be equivalent to the education received in the classroom. Students must also pass two annual exams to ensure their academic standing.

The logic is more or less the same in Denmark, where the constitution guarantees parents the right to choose the education they want to prefer. However, they are required to follow certain principles. Children practicing in home education are thus monitored by municipalities, which ensure that they receive the same level of education as their classmates present in the classroom. In Slovakia, parents must obtain a teaching diploma in order to use the right to home education, while in Norway, the authorities assess the hours outside the classroom once a semester.

Reduced controls in the United States

In some countries, apart from being legal, homeschooling is much easier. In the United Kingdom, for example, parents who educate their children at home do not have to follow the national curriculum, according to the British government website.

In the United States, nearly 2 million students study from home. The practice is legal in all US states that regulate, each according to their own rules, home education. Most remain very tolerant. Only Massachusetts and Rhodes Island require parental permission to homeschool. In Texas, some subjects are required, such as reading, math, or grammar, but no assessment requirement is required. In Oklahoma, on the other hand, parents are free to choose the subjects they teach. The rules are stricter in New York State, which requires learning certain subjects, assessments, as well as a minimum level of qualification for parent teachers.

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