The United Nations General Assembly began in a global context marked by fragmentation, division and threats. The Russian invasion of Ukraine, the jihadist threat in the Sahel, the food crisis on the African continent and the economic recession are just a few examples of the diplomatic challenges that will be discussed and faced by leaders of all nations during these meetings.
Improving Moroccan education
Several international leaders have already spoken at the gathering. The head of the Moroccan government, Aziz Akhannouch of Morocco, emphasized that the Alaouite kingdom was able to achieve “great progress” in the process of improving the country’s infrastructure, as well as the education system, with the aim of achieving “a real renaissance of education in line with the ambitions of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the strategic goals of the new development model.”
According to Akhannouch, these reforms of the education system planned for the years 2022 to 2026they are based on national consultations that would be carried out using a participatory methodology supporting the broad education sector including “teachers, students and their families”.
He explained that the plan revolves around three main axes: for students to acquire basic skills, to improve the performance of teachers and to optimize the level of schools by creating “modern and open” facilities.
At the same time, the plan aims to achieve three main goals by 2026, namely to reduce the early school leaving rate by a thirdincrease the number of students achieving basic skills by 70% and double the number of students who benefit from assessment techniques based on observing student activities as well as the work and exercises they do in class.
Macron calls for international cooperation
Meanwhile, French President Emmanuel Macron condemned Russia for its invasion of Ukraine. For Macron, Russia’s offensives are a “violation of the UN Charter and world stability”. He also strongly opposed Russian policy, calling it “imperialist” and “colonial”.
Macron therefore issued a series of warnings to countries that chose not to take a stand in the conflict, saying that in the future “Anyone can be a victim of war”. He also tried to convince these countries that “Russia has paved the way for more wars on all continents.”
Nevertheless, Macron was open “continuing the dialogue with Moscow with the aim of achieving peace” regarding dialogues respecting the sovereignty and will of Ukraine, and argued that these cannot be carried out by declaring new referendums in pro-Russian ones.
In his defense of maintaining world peace, Macron thus showed that he is against the division of the world, which “can only lead to a new cold war”which would not be beneficial in addressing common challenges such as poverty, climate change or famine.
He also pushed for Security Council reformsincluding including more countries as permanent members of the Security Council or removing the right of veto for those who commit crimes against humanity or war crimes.
Olaf Scholz, involved in the reconstruction of Ukraine
Like Macron and other international leaders, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz criticized the Russian invasion and said Putin would not give up his “imperialist ambitions” only if he admits he can’t win this war.
At the same time he stated that “The return of imperialism with Putin’s war against Ukraine is not only a disaster for Europe, but also for the world peace order”and therefore argued that it is better to work together so that “the multipolar world of the 21st century remains a multilateral world”.
The role of Turkey in the Ukrainian war
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan continues to promote Turkey’s role as an international mediator. During his speech, he emphasized the need to end the conflict in Ukraine through “diplomacy”, otherwise “there will be no winner”.
In addition, Erdogan pointed out how Turkey was trying to study all possible ways to reach a peace agreement and criticized organizations such as the United Nations Security Council. “more engagement” and it is changing given that currently, with the development of the conflict in Ukraine, Russia’s permanent membership means that many peace resolutions cannot be implemented.
Constitution of Chile, target Boric
Chilean President Gabriel Boric began his first speech at the United Nations General Assembly united by a thorough examination of the political situation in Chile in recent years.
In this line Boric predicted the defeat of the new constitutional projectalthough he continues to advocate the search for an alternative on which the vast majority of Chileans agree.
In addition, the Chilean president assured that the rejection does not mean “defeat” of his government and assured that the Chilean people “he wants changes, but he also doesn’t want to lose what he’s already won”.
At the same time, the Chilean leader recalled the risk that Chile faces from climate change and the challenges of the world in general, where the survival of democracies is at stake, which he accuses “major industrial countries”.